Risk Assessment

20 November 2014, ECDC: Rapid Risk Assessment- Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N8) in Europe

This Rapid Risk Assessment (RRA) summarises the epidemiological, virological and environmental information relating to outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus subtype H5N8 in Germany, the Netherlands and the UK by 19 November 2014, and assesses the risk to public health in the EU/EEA associated with the outbreak. 

View the full document (PDF):  http://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications/Publications/H5N8-influenza-Eu...


Human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) viruses 

From 2003 through 27 June 2014, 667 laboratory-confirmed human cases of avian influenza A(H5N1) virus infection have been officially reported to WHO from 15 countries. Of these cases, 393 have died. 

Since the last WHO Influenza at the Human-Animal Interface update on 5 May 2014, two laboratory-confirmed human cases of influenza A(H5N1) virus infection were reported to WHO; one from Indonesia in a 33-year-old man from DKI Jakarta and the other from Egypt in a 34-year-old man from Menia governorate. This is not unexpected as influenza A(H5N1) viruses are known to be circulating in poultry in these areas in both countries. 

High-Level Technical Meeting To Address Health Risks At The Human–Animal–Ecosystems Interfaces

Health threats at the human–animal–ecosystem interface have increased over the past decades, as pathogens continue to evolve and adapt to new hosts and environments, imposing a burden on human and animal health systems. The increase in health threats to humans and animals is driven by multiple, inter-related global factors generally related to human behaviour and environmental changes and also reflects the complexities of the ecosystems in which humans and animals coexist.

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